Many symptoms associated with throat cancer, such as a sore throat or hoarseness, are the same as those that may accompany a cold. The most common early warning sign of throat cancer is a persistent sore throat. If you have a sore throat lasts for more than two weeks, the American Cancer Society recommends you see a doctor immediately. The three main types of throat cancer —laryngeal, hypopharyngeal and oropharyngeal, which includes oral cancers —share many common symptoms. Many symptoms of throat cancer do not develop in the early stages of the disease.
I think part of it was to share my story. Types of Throat Cancer. Your doctor will not be able to predict the exact course of the disease, as it will depend on individual circumstances Acid rain adult as the type of throat cancer you have and how far it has spread, your age, medical history and overall health. Parts of the throat pharynx The throat ypms is a muscular tube that runs from the back of your nose down into your neck. Sym tpms of throat cancer is because of the possibility of successful surgical salvage of radiation failures. This approach has now been extended to patients with pharyngeal throat cancers that would normally also require total laryngectomy. These specialists include:. There's no proven way to prevent throat cancer from occurring. Not all patients who are infected with HPV are subject to cancer.
Bottom rib can be moved symptom. Why choose MD Anderson for throat cancer care?
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- It can affect the larynx voice box and either the upper or lower part of the pharynx throat.
- Cancer is a class of diseases in which abnormal cells multiply and divide uncontrollably in the body.
- Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs.
- Another name for this disease is laryngeal cancer.
Many symptoms associated with throat cancer, such as a sore throat or hoarseness, are the same as those that may accompany a cold. The most common early warning sign of throat cancer is a persistent sore throat. If you have a sore throat lasts for more than two weeks, the American Cancer Society recommends you see a doctor immediately. The three main types of throat cancer —laryngeal, hypopharyngeal and oropharyngeal, which includes oral cancers —share many common symptoms.
Many symptoms of throat cancer do not develop in the early stages of the disease. Signs of throat cancer may first be found by a dentist or doctor treating another disease or condition. Common symptoms of throat cancer include:. Some symptoms of throat cancer are specific to certain areas of the body. For instance, voice changes may be a sign of laryngeal voice box cancer, but they would rarely indicate cancer of the pharynx.
Throat cancer may spread locally to the lips, mouth or nearby lymph nodes. The symptoms of metastatic throat cancer may depend on the part of the body to which the cancer has spread. For instance:. An array of tests may be used to diagnose throat cancer. Once a diagnosis is determined, several treatment options are available to treat the disease. Tools used to diagnose throat cancer include:. Biopsy: A sample of tissue may be removed to look for the presence of cancerous cells.
The types of biopsies performed may include an incisional biopsy or a fine-needle aspiration. Imaging tests: Tests that may be performed to diagnose throat cancer include various imaging tests, such as a CT scan, barium swallow, magnetic resonance imaging MRI or positron emission tomography PET. Scoping procedures: Several diagnostic procedures involve inserting a scope into the nose or mouth to examine the throat. These tests include panendoscopy, laryngoscopy or pharyngoscopy. Learn more about diagnostic procedures for throat cancer.
Treatment for throat cancer may depend on many factors, including the specific type of cancer, where it is located and its stage. Treatment options include:. Treatment for metastatic throat cancer may depend on where the cancer has spread and may include chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Some treatments for metastatic cancer may be considered palliative and are intended to ease symptoms and improve quality of life.
Learn more about treatment options for throat cancer. The symptoms of throat cancer and side effects of treatment may cause pain and discomfort that impact your quality of life. Supportive care services for throat cancer may include:. Understanding when symptoms of throat cancer are a sign of something serious and either diagnosing the disease or confirming a previous diagnosis require expertise from professionals trained and experienced in treating throat cancer.
Call us anytime. Outpatient Care Centers. Becoming a Patient. Menu Search. How we treat cancer. Our locations. Becoming a patient. For physicians. Call us anytime Early warning signs of throat cancer The most common early warning sign of throat cancer is a persistent sore throat. Advanced symptoms of throat cancer The three main types of throat cancer —laryngeal, hypopharyngeal and oropharyngeal, which includes oral cancers —share many common symptoms.
Common symptoms of throat cancer include: Persistent cough Difficulty swallowing A lump in the mouth, throat or neck Hoarseness or other voice changes Ear or jaw pain White patches or sores in the mouth or throat Difficulty breathing Headaches Unexplained weight loss Swelling of the eyes, jaw, throat or neck Bleeding in the mouth or nose Some symptoms of throat cancer are specific to certain areas of the body.
Metastatic throat cancer Throat cancer may spread locally to the lips, mouth or nearby lymph nodes. For instance: If the cancer has spread to the lungs, symptoms may include difficulty breathing or coughing up blood. If the cancer has spread to the bones, symptoms may include bone or joint pain or fractures. Learn more about metastasis Diagnosing and treating throat cancer An array of tests may be used to diagnose throat cancer. Tools used to diagnose throat cancer include: Biopsy: A sample of tissue may be removed to look for the presence of cancerous cells.
Learn more about diagnostic procedures for throat cancer Treatment options of throat cancer Treatment for throat cancer may depend on many factors, including the specific type of cancer, where it is located and its stage. Treatment options include: Surgery Chemotherapy Radiation therapy Targeted therapy Treatment for metastatic throat cancer may depend on where the cancer has spread and may include chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Learn more about treatment options for throat cancer Managing symptoms and side effects The symptoms of throat cancer and side effects of treatment may cause pain and discomfort that impact your quality of life.
Supportive care services for throat cancer may include: Pain management Nutritional support Mind-body support Spiritual support Learn more about integrative care Get expert advice and care Understanding when symptoms of throat cancer are a sign of something serious and either diagnosing the disease or confirming a previous diagnosis require expertise from professionals trained and experienced in treating throat cancer.
Find a cancer expert Next topic: What are the types of throat cancer?
When will it end? Your doctor will check whether your vocal cords move normally when you make certain sounds. Will I need reconstructive or plastic surgery? They expect Prostatectomy - for cancer The aim of a radical prostatectomy is to remove the cancer before it spreads to other parts of the body This imaging test uses X-rays to create a cross-sectional picture of your body. Next Submit Now Cancel.
Sym tpms of throat cancer. Health.vic
The stages range from 0 to Your doctor can use a variety of tests to stage your throat cancer. These tests may include the following. This imaging test uses radio waves and strong magnets to create detailed pictures of the inside of your neck. An MRI looks for tumors and can determine whether cancer has spread to other parts of the body. A PET scan involves injecting a type of radioactive dye into the blood.
The scan creates images of areas of radioactivity in your body. This type of imaging test can be used in cases of advanced cancer. This imaging test uses X-rays to create a cross-sectional picture of your body. A CT scan also produces images of soft tissue and organs. This scan helps your doctor determine the size of a tumor. It also helps them determine whether the tumor has spread to different areas, such as the lymph nodes and the lungs. This test creates X-ray images of your throat and esophagus.
These specialists include:. Treatment options for throat cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The treatment method recommended by your doctor will depend on the extent of your disease, among other factors. If the tumor in your throat is small, your doctor may surgically remove the tumor. Your doctor may recommend one of the following surgical procedures:. Following the removal of the tumor, your doctor may recommend radiation therapy.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to destroy malignant cancer cells. It targets any cancerous cells left behind by the tumor. Types of radiation therapy include:.
In the case of large tumors and tumors that have spread to the lymph nodes and other organs or tissue, your doctor may recommend chemotherapy as well as radiation. Chemotherapy is a drug that kills and slows the growth of malignant cells. Targeted therapies are drugs that stop the spread and growth of cancer cells by interfering with specific molecules that are responsible for tumor growth. One type of targeted therapy used to treat throat cancer is cetuximab Erbitux.
Other types of targeted therapy are being researched in clinical trials. Your doctor may recommend this therapy along with standard chemotherapy and radiation. Some people with throat cancer require therapy after treatment to relearn how to speak.
This can be improved by working with a speech therapist and a physical therapist. Occupational therapists can help with swallowing difficulty. You can discuss reconstructive surgery with your doctor if you have face or neck disfigurement after surgery. Throat cancer may not be curable once malignant cells spread to parts of the body beyond the neck and head.
However, those diagnosed can continue treatment to prolong their life and slow the progression of the disease. Most throat cancers are generally related to smoking and not hereditary, unless the family members are predisposed to smoking. Outside of the larynx, a number of inherited genes predispose family members to cancer development. Some people inherit DNA mutations from their parents that greatly increase their risk for developing certain cancers.
Inherited mutations of oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes rarely cause throat cancer, but some people seem to inherit a reduced ability to break down certain types of cancer-causing chemicals. These people are more sensitive to the cancer-causing effects of tobacco smoke, alcohol, and certain industrial chemicals.
It often has few or no symptoms, which is why getting…. Adenoiditis is an infection in the throat. Learn more about why this happens and how it's treated. Oral cancers develop in the tissues of the mouth or throat. Signs include bleeding in the mouth, difficulty swallowing, or a persistent earache. Swallowing difficulty is the inability to swallow foods or liquids with ease. People who have a hard time swallowing may choke on their food or liquid…. Genital human papillomavirus HPV infection is a common sexually transmitted infection STI caused by human papillomavirus.
Some vaginal cancers have no symptoms in their early stages, and only cause symptoms once they have invaded other parts of the body In children, the genetic changes that cause cancer are not due to lifestyle but are more likely to be random and difficult to predict Diet can influence your risk of developing some cancers, but there is no evidence that specific foods can cause or cure cancer Latest research suggests that most cancers are caused by environmental rather than genetic factors Disease clusters are rare but can cause community concern about the possible effects of exposure to environmental hazards The major cause of skin cancer is over exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun or other sources, such as solariums Men with a family history of prostate cancer, or men who have had a raised test result in the past, will benefit most from regular testing There are different types of breast cancer, and around 70 per cent are sensitive to the female sex hormone oestrogen A person with cancer who obtains pain relief is likely to sleep better and have more energy during the day Radiotherapy uses precisely targeted x-rays to destroy cancer cells while reducing the impact of radiation on healthy cells Some people prefer having palliative care at home because of the familiar environment, feeling of independence and close access to family, friends and the local community One of the treatments for prostate cancer is androgen deprivation therapy previously called hormone therapy The aim of a radical prostatectomy is to remove the cancer before it spreads to other parts of the body It is important for the health of people with cancer to eat well before, during and after cancer treatment Women who have undergone treatment of breast cancer are particularly susceptible to lymphoedema of the arm Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth.
Find out more about the different types of cancer, cancer risks and cancer tests and treatments Ear conditions, hearing loss, tinnitus, nose conditions, throat conditions, dizziness and vertigo Prolonged exposure to air pollutants, such as dust, can irritate the larynx and cause chronic laryngitis This page has been produced in consultation with and approved by: Better Health Channel - need new cp.
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Risk factors for throat cancer include smoking and heavy alcohol consumption. Symptoms include voice changes, such as hoarseness, the sensation of something stuck in the throat, and persistent pain. About people in Victoria are diagnosed with cancer of the throat, mouth or nose each year.
Throat cancer affects more men than women. It affects more people aged over 50 years than those aged under Risk factors include smoking and heavy alcohol consumption. Smokers who drink heavily are at even greater risk. Throat cancer can start in the oesophagus food pipe , larynx voice box , thyroid gland or cells lining the throat squamous cells.
The larynx is situated at the top of the windpipe trachea. Below the larynx is the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland, with its two lobes sitting on either side of the trachea. The thyroid gland regulates many metabolic processes, including growth and energy expenditure. Symptoms of throat cancer The symptoms of throat cancer can include: a swelling or lump in the throat a persistent cough blood-flecked phlegm the sensation of something permanently stuck in the throat voice changes, such as persistent hoarseness or huskiness throat pain referred pain into the ears swallowing difficulties breathing difficulties swollen lymph glands gastrointestinal disorders, such as excessive reflux, diarrhoea or constipation.
Throat cancer can spread Throat cancer that originates in the squamous cells can invade deeper tissues including muscle. Some types of thyroid cancers can quickly invade nearby structures, such as the trachea. If it is not treated, the enlarging tumour can compress the trachea and cause breathing problems.
Throat cancer may metastasise spread to other tissues or organs of the body such as the lung. Risk factors of throat cancer The exact cause of throat cancer is unknown, although tobacco products are thought to play a significant role in about 80 per cent of cases.
Risk factors may include: smoking regular and heavy consumption of alcohol chronic goitre enlargement of the thyroid gland radiation exposure family history of cancer a genetic predisposition. Diagnosis of throat cancer Throat cancer is diagnosed using a number of tests including: medical history physical examination, which may include using a mirror to examine the larynx laryngoscopy video-stroboscopy — a specialist test, where a small tube with a camera at the tip is passed through the nose and down the throat to view the larynx and record vocal cord movements onto videotape biopsy — a sample of suspect tissue is removed for examination in a laboratory x-rays ultrasound CT scan MRI magnetic resonance imaging scan PET position emission tomography scan blood tests thyroid scan — a special x-ray of the thyroid following an injection of radioactive material.
Treatment for throat cancer Treatment depends on the size, type and location of the cancer and whether it has spread, but can include: Surgery — the tumour is surgically removed. This may require the partial or total removal of the thyroid, tissue or muscle, or the entire larynx laryngectomy or tongue glossectomy , depending on the location and size of the tumour. Nearby lymph glands may also need to be taken out if the cancer has spread to these. Radiation therapy — small, precise doses of radiation target and destroy cancer cells.
Chemotherapy — the use of cancer-killing drugs, often in combination with radiotherapy. Chemotherapy can be helpful in controlling cancers that have spread metastases because the whole body is treated. Multi - modality or adjuvant treatments - such as surgery followed by radiotherapy, or chemo-radiotherapy, especially in the case of large tumours. Rehabilitation therapy — this may include assistance from a dietitian, speech therapist and physiotherapist. Social workers, counsellors and clinical psychologists can help patients come to terms with the post-operative changes to their finances, social and professional lives, and appearance.
Side effects of cancer treatment Depending on the size, type and location of the cancer, and the treatments used, side effects can include: Nausea — some of the many short-term side effects of chemotherapy include nausea, vomiting and hair loss. Scarring and deformity — depending on the type of surgery needed and the amount of tissue removed, the patient may have permanent scarring and some degree of deformity.
Speech problems — throat surgery can temporarily or permanently affect speech. In some cases, the symptoms such as a harsh or weak voice will improve as the body heals while, in other cases, vocal changes are permanent. Voice therapy can help to improve these outcomes.
The need for speech aids — in the case of a total laryngectomy to remove the larynx, communication techniques can include any or all of the following: a removable silicone voice prosthesis, inserted to produce near-normal speech the use of air from the oesophagus or gullet to produce speech an artificial larynx communication aid , either held against the neck or inside the mouth to assist with communication.
Speech pathologists teach people to use all of these techniques. Swallowing problems dysphagia — a temporary tube may be needed for eating and drinking while the throat heals. The types of tubes that may be used include: a nasogastric tube — a thin tube, threaded into the stomach via the nose and throat — or a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy PEG — a tube inserted surgically into the stomach via the abdomen. Sometimes the PEG is permanent.
Throat cancer - Cancer Council Australia
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Throat cancer is a general term that can refer to several types of cancers and cancers in different locations. More than 30, people in the United States were diagnosed with a throat cancer in Larynx , also called the voice box.
It contains the vocal cords and allows us to speak. It is critical in protecting our airway. It also acts as a valve that opens for us to breathe, and makes sure things we swallow go into the stomach. The larynx is divided into three major parts:. The number of new cases of smoking-related cancers, such as cancer of the larynx, hypopharynx and oropharynx, is declining.
The number of new oropharynx throat cancers is dramatically increasing, however, because the discovery of the association with the human papillomavirus HPV. The HPV virus has been identified with cervical cancer in women for many years, but has become a newly identified cause of throat cancer.
Patients with HPV-related throat cancer are generally younger and are less likely to smoke. HPV-related throat cancers may have a better outcome than the non-HPV, smoking-related throat cancer. The lining of the throat is made up of squamous cells. Thus, most throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas.
Anything that increases your chance of getting throat cancer is a risk factor. Tobacco use is the most notable risk factor for developing throat cancer, and when combined with drinking alcohol, can increase the risk even more.
Throat cancer can be discovered in the nonsmoker as well. Today, the human papilloma virus HPV this is the most common risk factor for cancer found in the oropharynx. HPV is spread through sexual contact, including oral sex, though the development of cancer is usually not seen for many years after the original viral exposure. Not all patients who are infected with HPV are subject to cancer. The doctors of different specialties, therapists and other members of your care team take time to appropriately stage the cancer and assess the effect of the cancer on your overall function and wellbeing.
They then meet to discuss your individual situation to create the best treatment plan to attack and defeat your cancer. This individualized approach to cancer care has led to the development of new methods to treat throat cancer. We tailor your care to include advanced therapies that give you the highest chance for successful treatment while keeping the ability to eat, speak and live a normal, healthy life.
Innovative treatments include minimally invasive surgical techniques, new radiation treatment approaches and targeted and immune-based therapies that help your body fight the cancer. Dental experts design and place highly specialized implants. Surgeons and oncologists work closely with experts in Speech Pathology and Audiology who have special expertise in restoring speech and swallowing after throat surgery.
Because the highly skilled specialists at MD Anderson have the opportunity to treat patients from all over the world, our Head and Neck program is one of the most active programs in the United States. This means we are able to offer a wide range of clinical trials research studies for various types and stages of disease. Our physicians primarily focus their knowledge and skills on treating only cancer patients, and therefore have the most up-to-date information and technology for this disease.
And at MD Anderson you're surrounded by the strength of one of the nation's largest and most experienced cancer centers, which has all the services needed to treat the whole person — not just the disease. I feel there has to be some reason why I was left here. I think part of it was to share my story.
In the summer of , though, the lifelong baritone feared his days at the microphone were over. MD Anderson patients have access to clinical trials offering promising new treatments that cannot be found anywhere else. MD Anderson has licensed social workers to help patients, family members and loved ones cope with cancer. My Chart. Donate Today. For Physicians. Cancer Moonshots. Throat Cancer. We're here for you. Call us at or request an appointment online.
Let's get started. Request an appointment online. Jump To:. Get details about our clinical trials that are currently enrolling patients. View Clinical Trials. Most commonly, throat cancer refers to cancer of the following structures: Pharynx , the tube through which we swallow. It is divided into three major sections: Nasopharynx: The upper section, which is behind the nose Oropharynx: The middle section, which is behind the mouth and includes the tonsils, soft palate and base or posterior-most portion of the tongue Hypopharynx: The bottom section, which marks the transition between the pharynx behind the voice box larynx Larynx , also called the voice box.
The larynx is divided into three major parts: Glottis: The middle portion that contains the vocal cords Supraglottis: The area above the vocal cords Subglottis: The area below the vocal cords and above the trachea windpipe Most cases of throat cancer are found in the oropharynx.
Types of Throat Cancer The lining of the throat is made up of squamous cells. Other less frequent types of throat cancer include cancers of the minor salivary glands. Throat Cancer Causes and Risk Factors Anything that increases your chance of getting throat cancer is a risk factor. Other risk factors include: Gender: Men are up to five times more likely to get cancer of the throat than women. Age: Traditionally, most cases occur over the age of 60, but HPV-related cancers commonly occur in the 50s.
Exposure to certain chemicals, including nickel, asbestos and sulfuric acid fumes Learn more about throat cancer: Throat cancer symptoms Throat cancer diagnosis Throat cancer treatment.
Why choose MD Anderson for throat cancer care? Visit our Head and Neck Center site. Read James' story. Staying positive during my throat cancer journey "During one of my early visits to MD Anderson, I noticed a sign that read, 'You became a survivor the day you were diagnosed.
Learn more. Clinical Trials MD Anderson patients have access to clinical trials offering promising new treatments that cannot be found anywhere else. Browse Resources. Learn More. Counseling MD Anderson has licensed social workers to help patients, family members and loved ones cope with cancer. Help us endcancer. Give Now Your gift will help make a tremendous difference. Donate Blood Giving blood and platelets provides hope for cancer patients who depend on the generosity of donors like you.
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