One day in , a London couple, seeking treatment for their seven-year-old daughter, showed up at the Soho Square Dispensary for the Relief of the Infant Poor. The first doctor thought she might have a hernia. The second had a different idea. In fact, neither the patient nor his parents seem to have even been consulted. Hospitals in England were also growing, and new ones were being established; operations were becoming safer as reformers improved unhygienic practices; surgeons were gaining more experience, and becoming more experimental, as they learned to treat injuries from new types of weapons.
Transgender Health. Fertility and Sterility. Related Articles. The surgery Brand described fits in, broadly, with the dhange record. Creaator this, lost in the shuffle between Masterbation technequies about equal access to bathrooms and popular culture icons is the history of a piece of modern medicine that should no longer remain so elusive. Creator of the sex change operation sensitivity is measured by the capabilities to reach orgasms in genital sexual activities, like masturbation and intercourse. Views Read Edit View history. On his own, he began offering female hormone therapy to the boy. In consequence, transsexuals individuals who have undergone SRS are more satisfied with their bodies and experienced less stress when participating in sexual activity.
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The dark and troubling history of the contemporary transgender movement, with its enthusiastic approval of gender-reassignment surgery, has left a trail of misery in its wake.
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- Sex reassignment surgery SRS , also known as gender reassignment surgery GRS and several other names, is a surgical procedure or procedures by which a transgender person's physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are altered to resemble that socially associated with their identified gender.
- Sex reassignment surgery for male-to-female involves reshaping the male genitals into a form with the appearance of, and, as far as possible, the function of female genitalia.
The dark and troubling history of the contemporary transgender movement, with its enthusiastic approval of gender-reassignment surgery, has left a trail of misery in its wake. Bruce Jenner and Diane Sawyer could benefit from a history lesson.
The surgery fixed nothing—it only masked and exacerbated deeper psychological problems. The beginnings of the transgender movement have gotten lost today in the push for transgender rights, acceptance, and tolerance. The setting for the first transgender surgeries mostly male-to-female was in university-based clinics, starting in the s and progressing through the s and the s. When the researchers tallied the results and found no objective proof that it was successful—and, in fact, evidence that it was harmful—the universities stopped offering sex-reassignment surgery.
Since then, private surgeons have stepped in to take their place. Without any scrutiny or accountability for their results, their practices have grown, leaving shame, regret, and suicide in their wake. The transgender movement began as the brainchild of three men who shared a common bond: all three were pedophilia activists.
The story starts with the infamous Dr. Alfred Kinsey, a biologist and sexologist whose legacy endures today. Kinsey believed that all sex acts were legitimate—including pedophilia, bestiality, sadomasochism, incest, adultery, prostitution, and group sex.
He authorized despicable experiments on infants and toddlers to gather information to justify his view that children of any age enjoyed having sex. Kinsey advocated the normalization of pedophilia and lobbied against laws that would protect innocent children and punish sexual predators.
Kinsey consulted an acquaintance of his, an endocrinologist by the name of Dr. Harry Benjamin. Transvestites, men who dressed as women, were well-known.
Kinsey and Benjamin saw this as an opportunity to change a transvestite physically, way beyond dress and make-up. Benjamin asked several psychiatric doctors to evaluate the boy for possible surgical procedures to feminize his appearance.
On his own, he began offering female hormone therapy to the boy. The boy went to Germany for partial surgery, and Benjamin lost all contact with him, making any long-term follow-up impossible. John Money, a dedicated disciple of Kinsey and a member of a transsexual research team headed by Benjamin.
Without any medical justification, Money launched into an experiment to make a name for himself and advance his theories about gender, no matter what the consequences to the child. Money assured the parents that Brenda would adapt to being a girl and that she would never know the difference. He told them that they should keep it a secret, so they did—at least for a while.
Activist doctors like Dr. Money always look brilliant at first, especially if they control the information that the media report. It would be decades before the truth was revealed. By age twelve, David was severely depressed and refused to return to see Money.
In desperation, his parents broke their secrecy, and told him the truth of the gender reassignment. At age fourteen, David chose to undo the gender change and live as a boy. In , at the age of thirty-five, David and his twin brother finally exposed the sexual abuse Dr. Money had inflicted on them in the privacy of his office.
The boys told how Dr. Money took naked photos of them when they were just seven years old. But pictures were not enough for Money. The pedophilic doctor also forced the boys to engage in incestuous sexual activities with each other.
A short while later, David also committed suicide. Using surgery had become well-established by then, and no one cared that one of its founders was discredited.
Money became the co-founder of one of the first university-based gender clinics in the United States at Johns Hopkins University, where gender reassignment surgery was performed. After the clinic had been in operation for several years, Dr. McHugh wanted more evidence. Long-term, were patients any better off after surgery?
McHugh assigned the task of evaluating outcomes to Dr. Jon Meyer, the chairman of the Hopkins gender clinic. Meyer selected fifty subjects from those treated at the Hopkins clinic, both those who had undergone gender reassignment surgery and those who had not had surgery.
The objective report showed no medical necessity for surgery. On August 10, , Dr. Less than six months later, the Johns Hopkins gender clinic closed. Other university-affiliated gender clinics across the country followed suit, completely ceasing to perform gender reassignment surgery. No success was reported anywhere.
It was not just the Hopkins clinic reporting lack of outcomes from surgery. Around the same time, serious questions about the effectiveness of gender change came from Dr. Ihlenfeld worked with Benjamin for six years and administered sex hormones to transsexuals. In the wake of the Hopkins study, the closure of the flagship Hopkins clinic, and the warning sounded by Ihlenfeld, advocates of sex change surgery needed a new strategy. Benjamin and Money looked to their friend, Paul Walker, PhD, a homosexual and transgender activist they knew shared their passion to provide hormones and surgery.
A committee was formed to draft standards of care for transgenders that furthered their agenda, with Paul Walker at the helm. The committee included a psychiatrist, a pedophilia activist, two plastic surgeons, and a urologist, all of whom would financially benefit from keeping gender reassignment surgery available for anyone who wanted it.
I myself suffered greatly to come to terms with my gender. In , I sought out Dr. Walker to ask him, the man who wrote the standards of care, for help.
Walker said I was suffering from gender dysphoria. A mere two years after both the Hopkins study and the public statements of Ihlenfeld drew attention to the increased suicide risk associated with gender change, Walker, even though he was completely aware of both reports, signed my approval letter for hormones and surgery. Under his guidance, I underwent gender reassignment surgery and lived for eight years as Laura Jensen, female. Eventually, I gathered the courage to admit that the surgery had fixed nothing—it only masked and exacerbated deeper psychological problems.
The deception and lack of transparency I experienced in the s still surround gender change surgery today. For the sake of others who struggle with gender dysphoria, I cannot remain silent. It is intellectually dishonest to ignore the facts that surgery never has been a medically necessary procedure for treating gender dysphoria and that taking cross-gender hormones can be harmful.
Modern transgender activists, the descendants of Kinsey, Benjamin, and John Money, keep alive the practice of medically unnecessary gender-change surgery by controlling the flow of published information and by squelching research and personal stories that tell of the regret, unhappiness, and suicide experienced by those who undergo such surgery.
Negative outcomes are only acknowledged as a way to blame society for its transphobia. Transgender clients who regret having taken this path are often full of shame and remorse. Those who regret their decision have few places to turn in a world of pro-transgender activism.
For me, it took years to muster the courage to stand up and speak out about the regret. I only wish Dr. This information might not have stopped me from making that disastrous decision—but at least I would have known the dangers and pain that lay ahead.
Walt Heyer is an author and public speaker with a passion to help others who regret gender change. This article was first published at Public Discourse and is reproduced here with permission. Walt Heyer May 8 William Shakespeare and the Socratic-Christian Heritage.
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My Experience with Dr. Walker I myself suffered greatly to come to terms with my gender. Published by MercatorNet. You may download and print extracts from this article for your own personal and non-commercial use only.
In , Trinidad was a town in transition. An earlier known recipient of this was Magnus Hirschfeld's housekeeper ,  but their identity is unclear at this time. Some transgender people who desire medical assistance to transition from one sex to another identify as transsexual. Later, as surgical technique becomes more complex, the goal is to produce functional sex organs from sex organs that are already present in the patient. This ongoing pubertal aspect of immediate postop life can be very thrilling and exciting, but also very confusing and scary for the woman, much in the same way that the onset of sexual maturity is for any teenager. This allows the patient to have a sensation-perceiving penis head.
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A History of Transgender Health Care - Scientific American Blog Network
In , the Hopkins Hospital became the first academic institution in the United States to perform sex reassignment surgeries. Now also known by names like genital reconstruction surgery and sex realignment surgery, the procedures were perceived as radical and attracted attention from The New York Times and tabloids alike.
But they were conducted for experimental, not political, reasons. Regardless, as the first place in the country where doctors and researchers could go to learn about sex reassignment surgery, Hopkins became the model for other institutions.
But in , Hopkins stopped performing the surgeries and never resumed. In the s, the idea to attempt the procedures came primarily from psychologist John Money and surgeon Claude Migeon, who were already treating intersex children, who, often due to chromosome variations, possess genitalia that is neither typically male nor typically female.
Money and Migeon were searching for a way to assign a gender to these children, and concluded that it would be easiest if they could do reconstructive surgery on the patients to make them appear female from the outside.
This theory ended up backfiring on Money, most famously in the case of David Reimer, who was raised as a girl under the supervision of Money after a botched circumcision and later committed suicide after years of depression. However, at the time, this research led Money to develop an interest in how gender identities were formed.
To determine if a person was an acceptable candidate for surgery, patients underwent a psychiatric evaluation, took gender hormones and lived and dressed as their preferred gender. Beyer found the screening process to be invasive when she came to Hopkins to consider the surgery. She first heard that Hopkins was performing sex reassignment surgeries when she was 14 and read about them in Time and Newsweek.
When Beyer arrived at Hopkins, the entrance forms she had to fill out were focused on sexuality instead of sexual identity. She says she felt as if they only wanted to consider hyper-feminine candidates for the surgery, so she decided not to stay. She had her surgery decades later in in Trinidad, Colo. Beyer thinks that it was very important that the transgender community had access to this program at the time.
However, she thinks that the experimental nature of the program was detrimental to its longevity. By the mids, fewer patients were being operated on, and many changes were made to the surgery and psychiatry departments, according to Schmidt, who was also a founder of the Sexual Behaviors Consultation Unit SBCU at the time.
The new department members were not as supportive of the surgeries. McHugh says that more research has to be conducted before a surgery with such a high risk should be performed, especially because he does not think the surgery is necessary. This is not pathology. Beyer, however, cites a study from that shows that However, she thinks that shutting down the surgeries at Hopkins actually helped more people gain access to them, because now the surgeries are privatized. Twenty major medical institutions offered sex reassignment surgery at the time that Hopkins shut its program down, according to a AP article.
Though the surgeries at Hopkins ended in , the University continued to study sexual and gender behavior. Today, the SBCU provides consultations for members of the transgender community interested in sex reassignment surgery, provides patients with hormones and refers patients to specialists for surgery.
Schmidt does ongoing work to provide the Hopkins population with transgender services, and says he would like for Hopkins to start performing sex reassignment surgeries again. But Chris Kraft, the current co-director of the SBCU, says that this is not feasible today, as no academic institution provides these surgeries since not enough people request them. If we had surgeons who could provide the same quality services as the other surgeons in the country, then it would make sense to provide these services.
Sadly, few physicians are willing to make gender surgery a priority in their careers because gender patients who go on to surgery are a very small population. Beyer, however, does not think that the transgender community needs Hopkins to reinstate its program, and that there are currently enough options available. Though she finds the way that Hopkins treated its sex reassignment patients in the 60s and 70s questionable, she thinks that the SBCU has been a great resource for the transgender community.
She said offering surgery at a nearby academic institution could provide more support to the community. Please note All comments are eligible for publication in The News-Letter. Field hockey stays undefeated against Swarthmore.
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